Pelvic Tilt Is Minimally Changed by Total Hip ArthroplastyMurphy, William, S.1; Klingenstein, Greg, MD1, 2; Murphy, Stephen, B., MD1, a; Zheng, Guoyan, PhD3
Background While surgical navigation offers the opportunity to accurately place an acetabular component, questions remain as to the best goal for acetabular component positioning in individual patients. Overall functional orientation of the pelvis after surgery is one of the most important variables for the surgeon to consider when determining the proper goal for acetabular component orientation.
Questions/Purposes We measured the variation in pelvic tilt in 30 patients before THA and the effect of THA on pelvic tilt in the same patients more than a year after THA.
Methods Each patient had a CT study for CT-based surgical navigation and standing and supine radiographs before and after surgery. Pelvic tilt was calculated for each of the radiographs using a novel and validated two-dimensional/three-dimensional matching technique.
Results Mean supine pelvic tilt changed less than 2°, from 4.4° ± 6.4° (range, −7.7° to 20.8°) before THA to 6.3° ± 6.6° (range, −5.7° to 19.6°) after THA. Mean standing pelvic tilt changed less than 1°, from 1.5° ± 7.2° (range, −13.1° to 12.8°) before THA to 2.0° ± 8.3° (range, −12.3° to 16.8°) after THA. Preoperative pelvic tilt correlated with postoperative tilt in both the supine (r2 = 0.75) and standing (r2 = 0.87) positions.
Conclusions In this population, pelvic tilt had a small and predictable change after surgery. However, intersubject variability of pelvic tilt was high, suggesting preoperative pelvic tilt should be considered when determining desired acetabular component positioning on a patient-specific basis.