The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 2, 375 - 379

Patterns of Weight Change and Their Effects on Clinical Outcomes Following Total Knee Arthroplasty in an Asian Population

Razzaki, Tanzib et al.
Knee

Background

This prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate weight change patterns and their effects on clinical outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the Asian population. We hypothesized that Asian patients will have a different pattern of weight change following TKA compared to Western patients and that weight loss following TKA will be associated with better clinical outcomes.

Methods

A cohort of consecutive patients who underwent TKA from 2004 to 2015 was included. All patients received a conventional posterior-stabilized TKA implant and underwent a standard perioperative care pathway. Assessments were done preoperatively, at 6 months, and 2 years after surgery. The range of motion, Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score, and the Short-Form 36 questionnaire were used to assess outcomes. Height and weight of patients were recorded for body mass index (BMI) calculation. Patterns of weight loss following TKA in this cohort were charted. Clinical outcomes were then analyzed against the change in BMI.

Results

A total of 602 patients (602 knees) were reviewed. Mean age was 66.39 ± 7.27 years. Mean BMI was 27.75 ± 4.51 kg/m 2. Overall, 63.12% of all our patients gained weight following TKA. Moreover, weight loss did not influence patients’ odds for better clinical outcomes. Furthermore, patients who were in the preoperative BMI category of obese class I were more likely to gain weight as compared to those in the normal category (odds ratio 0.35, 95% confidence interval 0.2-0.61, P < .001). Moreover, older people were more likely to gain more weight compared to younger people. We also showed that the mean 2-year Knee Society Knee Score was significantly higher in the patients who gained weight while the patients who lost weight had the highest mean 2-year Oxford Knee Score and the lowest mean 2-year Knee Society Function Score.

Conclusion

Asians tend to gain weight following TKA. However, this weight change following TKA does not affect clinical outcomes, which remain good across all BMI groups.

Level of Evidence

Therapeutic Level III.

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