Pathomorphologic Alterations Predict Presence or Absence of Hip OsteoarthrosisEcker, Timo, M*; Tannast, Moritz†; Puls, Marc‡; Siebenrock, Klaus, A†; Murphy, Stephen, B*Section Editor(s): Hansseno, Arlen D MD, Guest Editor
Abnormal morphology of the hip has been associated with primary osteoarthrosis. We evaluated the morphology of 464 consecutive hips contralateral to hips treated by THA. We excluded all hips with known diagnoses leading to secondary osteoarthritis and all hips with advanced arthrosis to eliminate the effect of arthritic remodeling on the morphologic measurements. Of the remaining 119 hips, 25 were in patients aged 60 years or older who had no or mild arthrosis (Tönnis Grade 0 or 1) and 94 hips had Tönnis Grade 2 osteoarthrosis. We quantified morphologic parameters on plain radiographs and CT images and simulated range of motion using virtual bone models from the CT data. The nonarthritic hips had fewer pathomorphologic findings. High alpha angles and high lateral center edge angles were strongly associated with the presence of arthritis; decreased internal and external rotation in 90° flexion showed lesser correlation. The data confirm previous observations that abnormal hip morphology predates arthrosis and is not secondary to the osteoarthritic process. Hips at risk for developing arthrosis resulting from pathomorphologic changes may potentially be identified at the cessation of growth, long before the development of osteoarthrosis.
Level of Evidence: Level II, diagnostic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.