The Bone & Joint Journal Vol. 101-B, No. 1

Patellofemoral arthroplasty versus total knee arthroplasty for patients with patellofemoral osteoarthritis

N. D. Clement, T. A. Howard, R. J. Immelman, D. MacDonald, J. T. Patton, G. M. Lawson, R. Burnett
Knee

Aims

The primary aim of this study was to compare the knee-specific functional outcome of patellofemoral arthroplasty with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the management of patients with patellofemoral osteoarthritis.

Patients and Methods

A total of 54 consecutive Avon patellofemoral arthroplasties were identified and propensity-score-matched to a group of 54 patients undergoing a TKA with patellar resurfacing for patellofemoral osteoarthritis. The Oxford Knee Score (OKS), the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), and patient satisfaction were collected at a mean follow up of 9.2 years (8 to 15). Survival was defined by revision or intention to revise.

Results

There was no significant difference in the mean OKS (p > 0.60) or SF-12 scores (p > 0.28) between the groups. There was a lower rate of satisfaction at the final follow-up for the TKA group (78% vs 87%) but this was not statistically significant (odds ratio 0.56, p = 0.21). Length of stay was significantly shorter (p = 0.008) for the Avon group (difference 1.8 days, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.4 to 3.2). The ten-year survival for the Avon group was 92.3% (95% CI 87.1 to 97.5) and for the TKA group was 100% (95% CI 93.8 to 100). This difference was not statistically significant (log-rank test, p = 0.10).

Conclusion

Patients undergoing an Avon patellofemoral arthroplasty have a shorter length of stay, and a functional outcome and rate of satisfaction that is equal to that of TKA. The benefits of the Avon arthroplasty need to be balanced against the increased rate of revision when compared with TKA.


Download article