Outcomes of outpatient total hip arthroplasty: a systematic reviewShapira J, Chen SL, Rosinsky PJ, Maldonado DR, Lall AC, Domb BG.
Similar to other total joint arthroplasty procedures, total hip arthroplasty (THA) is shifting to an outpatient setting. The purpose of this study was to analyse outcomes following outpatient THA.
A comprehensive literature search was performed in April 2019 according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines using the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases to identify articles that reported functional outcomes following outpatient total hip arthroplasty (THA).
9 articles, with 683 hips and a collective study period of 1988 to 2016, were included in this analysis. The mean age across all studies was 58.9 years and the follow-up period ranged from 4 weeks to 10 years. 4 studies reported Harris Hip Scores (HHSs) for their patient populations and in 3 studies, the average HHSs were excellent (>90) by 6 weeks postoperatively. The fourth study reported fair HHS scores for the outpatient and inpatient THA groups (75 ± 18, 75 ± 14, p = 0.77, respectively) at 4 weeks postoperatively. VAS scores improved significantly in two studies and NRS at rest and during activity improved significantly (p < 0.001) in a separate study. Overall, 88.1% of the enrolled patients were discharged the same day of surgery, as expected. Out of the 6 studies reporting on readmissions rate, there were two (0.34%) readmissions within 3 months of surgery.
In patients with no significant comorbidities, outpatient THA leads to favourable outcomes as well as low readmission rates in the short term.