The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 7, 2156 - 2160

Outcomes of Newer Generation Cementless Total Knee Arthroplasty: Beaded Periapatite-Coated vs Highly Porous Titanium-Coated Implants

Harwin, Steven F. et al.
Knee

Background

Newer generation cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA) designs are available and have novel implant coatings. We evaluated and compared beaded periapatite (PA)-coated vs highly porous titanium-coated cementless TKAs. Specifically, we compared: (1) survivorship, (2) Knee Society Scores (KSSs) and range of motion, (3) complications, and (4) radiographic findings.

Methods

There were 805 TKAs with beaded PA-coated tibial and patellar components (PA group; mean age 67 years; range 41-86 years), and 219 TKAs with highly porous titanium-coated tibial and patella components (mean age 66 years; range 34-88 years). Mean follow-up was 4.4 years (range 2-9 years; median 4 years). Implant survivorship was calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves. Student t-tests and chi-square tests were used as appropriate. Radiographic evaluation was performed using Knee Society Roentgenographic Evaluation and Scoring System.

Results

All-cause implant survivorship in beaded PA-coated group was 99.5% (95% CI, 97.9%-99.9%) and 99.5% (95% CI, 92.7%-99.9%) in highly porous titanium-coated group. There were no significant differences in the KSS for pain and function. Improvement in flexion and extension was similar in the 2 groups. Overall, complication rate (2.2% vs 2.3%; P = .274) and number of revisions (6 [0.8%] vs 2 [0.2%]; P = .936) were similar in the 2 groups. Excluding the aseptic and septic failures, there were no progressive radiolucencies or osteolysis on radiographic evaluation.

Conclusion

This study has shown good clinical and patient-reported outcomes of cementless TKA for both implants. Future multicenter large scale clinical and cost-effectiveness studies are needed to determine the superiority of one cementless implant type over the other.


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