Outcome after Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty for Arthritic Hip in Patients with Residual Poliomyelitis: A Case SeriesCho, Y. J., Lee, C. H., Chun, Y. S., & Rhyu, K. H. (2016).
In this case series, we investigated the outcome of cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) for advanced hip osteoarthritis in patients with residual poliomyelitis to evaluate its clinical usefulness for these patients.
11 unilateral cementless primary THA were performed to arthritic hips in patients with residual poliomyelitis. 7 were in paralytic and 4 were in nonparalytic limbs. The mean follow-up duration was 79.9 months. Retrospective clinical evaluations with various scores and radiological evaluations were made.
Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and Short-form (SF)-36 physical scales were significantly improved after the surgery. However, UCLA activity score and SF-36 mental scale were not. Because of remaining leg length discrepancies, all but 1 noted a residual limp. In nonparalytic hip, functional acetabular cup inclination during weight bearing significantly increased from installed inclination. Other than 1 case of posterior dislocation, no complications were observed.
Although the overall result itself is excellent, THA for these patients cannot improve limp, physical activity and mental status. Surgeons should be aware of the change of the inclination of acetabular cup during mobilisation, especially for THA in contralateral hip.