The risk factors for and results of operatively treated peri-prosthetic femoral fractures sustained within 90 days following primary THA were evaluated. 5,313 consecutive THAs were reviewed and 32 (0.60%) fractures were identified which included 9 Ag, 2 B1, 18 B2, 1 B3, and 2 Ag/B2 fractures. 19 (61%) patients sustained 23 complications including 9 greater trochanter non-unions, 2 femoral shaft non-unions, 3 patients with Brooker III HO, and 2 deep infections. 7 patients (23%) required a second operative procedure and one patient required a third. Peri-prosthetic fractures were associated with advancing age, female gender, developmental hip dysplasia, and cementless metaphyseal engaging components, particularly flat wedge tapers. Overall, operative treatment of acute peri-prosthetic fractures is associated with a high rate of complications (61%) and re-operation (23%).
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 2, 286 - 291
Operative Treatment of Early Peri-Prosthetic Femur Fractures Following Primary Total Hip ArthroplastySheth, Neil P. et al.