Normal trajectory of Interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein in the perioperative period of total knee arthroplasty under an enhanced recovery after surgery scenarioHuang, Z.Y., Huang, Q., Wang, L.Y. et al.
We designed the current study to understand the normal trajectories of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the immediate hours and days after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) under the management of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol and examined whether one or the other returned to normal more quickly.
In this prospective cross-sectional study, we examined the plasma IL-6 and CRP levels in 100 patients undergoing primary TKA at the following time points: 12 h preoperatively as well as postoperatively 12 h, 48 h, 3 days and 2 weeks. Patients were followed up for 1 year to monitor the postoperative complications, especially the infection.
IL-6 peaked at 48 h postoperatively. Then IL-6 started to decline at 3 days postoperatively and went back to baseline level at 2 weeks (p = 0.950). CRP peaked at 3 days postoperatively. At 2 weeks, CRP declined to a normal range, without being significantly different from the baseline level (p = 0.816).
We found that under the ERAS scenario, the postoperative peak of IL-6 and CRP was deferred compared with previous studies. Compared to IL-6, CRP showed a gradual rise after surgery. Both of these two biomarkers returned to normal under the ERAS scenario. Future multiple-center studies with larger sample size can help define the thresholds of IL-6 and CRP for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) early diagnosis. With these reference data, a clinician can make a quicker decision to perform aspiration to diagnose early PJI and benefits more patients.