The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 1, 23 - 27.e1

Nonoperative Management of Hip Labral Tears Yields Similar Total Hip Arthroplasty Conversion Rate to Arthroscopic Treatment

Scott, Bryan L. et al.
Hip

Background

Arthroscopic treatment of hip labral tears has increased significantly in recent years. There is limited evidence comparing nonoperative management to arthroscopic treatment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the progression to total hip arthroplasty (THA), as well as the cost associated with arthroscopic management of labral tears compared to nonoperative treatment.

Methods

The Humana claims database was queried from 2007 through 2016. International Classification of Diseases and Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to identify patients with hip labral tears and hip arthroscopy and THA procedures. Two cohorts were created: a nonoperative group and an operative group. Following propensity score matching, the rate of conversion and time to THA conversion were calculated. Cost was calculated using the total cost reimbursed for encounters within 6 months. Continuous variables were analyzed using Student t-test and Mann-Whitney test, and categorical variables were analyzed using chi-square test.

Results

After propensity matching, 864 patients were included in the analysis. The conversion rate to THA in the operative group (6.7%) and the nonoperative group (5.3%) was not statistically different (P = .391). The operative group had a longer time to THA (21.5 ± 16.8 months) than the nonoperative group (15.9 ± 19.5 months; P = .044). The cost for the operative group was significantly higher ($14,266.55 ± $7187.96) compared to the nonoperative group ($2941.96 ± $2664.00; P < .001).

Conclusion

This study did not find a difference in the rate of conversion to THA for operative vs nonoperative groups. Time to THA in the operative group was longer, however, at the expense of higher costs.

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