After 24 months, short stems had on average 3.8% (95% confidence interval, 1.2%-8.9%) more bone loss in zone 1 compared to standard stems (P = .14). In zone 7, the bone loss was on average 6.5% (95% confidence interval, 6.6%-19.7%) higher compared to standard stems (P = .33). After 24 months, standard stems had migrated 0.93 mm (range, 0.25-4.66 mm) and short stems 0.93 mm (range, 0.17-2.96 mm; Student t-test after log transformation, P = .3). Patient-reported outcome measures were similar in both groups. One patient in the standard stem group was diagnosed with infection, one with a posterior dislocation, and one with a deep venous thrombosis. No stems were revised.