The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 9, 127 - 130

No Difference in Dislocation Seen in Anterior Vs Posterior Approach Total Hip Arthroplasty

Maratt, Joseph D. et al.
Hip

Background

The direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) has rapidly become popular, but there is little consensus regarding the risks and benefits of this approach in comparison with a modern posterior approach (PA).

Methods

A total of 2147 patients who underwent DAA THA were propensity score matched with patients undergoing PA THA on the basis of age, gender, body mass index, and American Society of Anesthesia classification using data from a state joint replacement registry. Mean age of the matched cohort was 64.8 years, mean body mass index was 29.1 kg/m2, and 53% were female. Multilevel logistic regression models using generalized estimating equations to control for grouping at the hospital level were used to identify differences in various outcomes.

Results

There was no difference in the dislocation rate between patients undergoing DAA (0.84%) and PA (0.79%) THA. Trends indicating a slightly longer length of stay with the PA and a slightly greater risk of fracture, increased blood loss, and hematoma with the DAA are consistent with previous studies.

Conclusion

On the basis of short-term outcome and complication data, neither approach has a compelling advantage over each other, including no difference in the dislocation risk.


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