The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 6, 1185 - 1188

Ninety-Day Morbidity in Patients Undergoing Primary TKA With Discontinuation of Warfarin and Bridging With LMWH

Gibon, Emmanuel et al.

We asked whether patients under long-term warfarin and managed with current guidelines regarding bridging therapy have a higher complications rate within ninety days following total knee arthroplasty. We retrospectively identified 38 patients under long-term warfarin. They were match-paired with 76 control patients. Our results showed a significant increased rate of complications (42.1% vs. 6.9%, P < 0.001) and re-operation (21.1% vs. 5.2%, P < 0.001) in the warfarin group. The difference was related to the number of hematomas requiring surgical evacuation. The warfarin group had a significantly higher rate of blood loss, blood transfusion, and length of hospital stay. Our data suggest that current guidelines for preoperative warfarin management are associated with a high rate of bleeding complications and reoperations following TKA.

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