The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 9, 1749 - 1752

Navigating the Reaming of the Acetabular Cavity in Total Hip Arthroplasty: Does it Improve Implantation Accuracy?

Pagkalos, Joseph et al.

Computer navigation in total hip arthroplasty is used to improve accuracy of component implantation. Reaming of the acetabular cavity during total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be navigated although this is not done routinely. We hypothesised that navigating the reaming of the acetabular cavity will improve implantation accuracy. A single surgeon series of 100 navigated THAs were analysed retrospectively. In 49 the reaming of the acetabular cavity was done using navigation and in 51 this was done freehand. The verified cup position and the error from the planned position were recorded. The mean error from planned to verified inclination was 2.20 degrees (SD 1.59°) in the navigated group versus 2.33 degrees (SD 1.96°) in the freehand group. The mean anteversion error was 1.92 degrees (SD 1.51°) for the navigated group and 1.45 degrees (SD 1.38°) for the freehand group. This was not statistically significant. This rejects our hypothesis. Navigating the reaming of the acetabular cavity did not improve the accuracy of the implantation against the set inclination and anteversion target during computer navigated THA.

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