The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 10, 2273 - 2277

Navigated vs Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty: Is There a Difference in the Rate of Respiratory Complications and Transfusions?

Liodakis, Emmanouil et al.
Knee

Background

Proponents of navigation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) report lower rates of systemic embolization and perioperative bleeding compared to conventional TKA given that breeching the intramedullary canal is not required.

Methods

We queried the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program to compare perioperative respiratory complications and transfusions between navigated and conventional TKA. We identified 2008 patients who underwent navigated TKA. These patients were matched 4:1 to a control group of 8026 patients.

Results

Conventional TKA resulted in similar odds of having a respiratory complication compared to navigated TKA (odds ratio = 1.35, P = .44). However, conventional TKA was found to be an independent predictor for requiring a transfusion perioperatively (odds ratio = 1.90, P < .001).

Conclusion

Use of navigation in TKA results in less perioperative transfusions but has no influence on the rate of respiratory complications.


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