The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 10 , 3167 - 3173

Mortality and Implant Survival With Simultaneous and Staged Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty Experience From the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry

Chua, Hwa Sen et al.
Knee

Background

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective procedure for relieving pain and restoring function in osteoarthritis, with a significant proportion of patients having severe disease bilaterally. However, although there are differences in patient selection criteria for bilateral procedures, there is no consensus regarding the optimal timing for bilateral TKA. The aim of this study was to compare rates and causes of revision and 30-day mortality between simultaneous and staged bilateral TKA using data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry.

Methods

Data for over 36,000 bilateral TKAs were collected from September 1999 to December 2015. Rates and causes of revision and 30-day mortality rates were obtained for simultaneous bilateral and staged procedures with intervals of 1 day-6 weeks, 6 weeks-3 months, and 3-6 months. Yearly cumulative percent revision or cumulative percent survival with 95% confidence intervals calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and adjusted hazard ratios were used for comparisons.

Results

There was no significant difference between revision rates or reasons for revision between staged bilateral and simultaneous TKA (hazard ratio 1.09 [95% confidence interval {CI} 0.85-1.40; P = .511] for 1 day-6 weeks, 0.93 [95% CI 0.77-1.14; P = .494] for 6 weeks-3 months, and 1.10 [95% CI 0.98-1.23; P = .115] for 3-6 months). The most common reasons for revision were loosening/lysis and infection. The 30-day mortality rates were lower in the 6 weeks-3 months group than simultaneous bilaterals (P = .007).

Conclusion

This study demonstrates that simultaneous and staged bilateral TKA have similar rates of revision over the medium term but that 30-day mortality is reduced in the 6 weeks-3 months group.


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