The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 2992 - 2998
Minimum 15-Year Results of a Dual-Offset Uncemented Femoral Stem in Total Hip ArthroplastyPanichkul, Phonthakorn et al.
The aim of the present study is to assess the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of a proximal porous-coated, dual-offset, tapered titanium alloy uncemented stem at a minimum of 15 years of follow-up.
We reviewed 210 total hip arthroplasties (in 193 patients) performed between 1996 and 1999 and followed prospectively in our database who received the Synergy stem. We report a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis as well as the Harris Hip Score, the Western Ontario and McMaster University Arthritis Index, and the Short Form Health Survey-12 scores. Radiographs were evaluated for evidence of subsidence, osteolysis, osteointegration, or loosening.
The average follow-up was 16 years (range, 15-17.7 years). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with revision of stem for aseptic mechanical loosening (1 stem) as the end point revealed a cumulative survival rate of 99.5% at 16 years. The Harris Hip Score, the Western Ontario and McMaster University Arthritis Index, and the Short Form Health Survey-12 physical scores were all significantly improved ( P < .001) from the preoperative period to latest follow-up. Minor osteolysis was observed proximally in 14 hips (6.6%) with no osteolysis distal to the porous coating.
To our knowledge, this study represents the largest series reporting the longest clinical follow-up of this third-generation, dual-offset, proximal ingrowth, tapered cementless stem. The Synergy stem design has achieved excellent clinical outcomes, predictable osteointegration, and outstanding survivorship of 99.5% at a minimum of 15 years follow-up, representing the standard for femoral stems at our institution.