Migration analysis of a metaphyseal-anchored short femoral stem in cementless THA and factors affecting the stem subsidenceSchaer, M.O., Finsterwald, M., Holweg, I. et al.
Early femoral stem subsidence following a cementless THA is correlated with aseptic loosening of the femoral component. The short femoral stems allow bone sparing and implantation through a minimally invasive approach; however, due to their metaphyseal anchoring, they might demonstrate different subsidence pattern than the conventional stems.
In this prospective single-center study, a total of 68 consecutive patients with an average age of 63 years, and a minimum follow-up of 5 years following a cementless THA with a metaphyseal-anchored short femoral stem were included. The femoral stem subsidence was evaluated using “Ein Bild Roentgen Analyse” (EBRA).
Average stem migration was 0.96 +/− 0.76 mm at 3 months, 1.71 +/− 1.26 mm at 24 months, and 2.04+/− 1.42 mm at last follow-up 60 months postoperative. The only factor that affected migration was a stem size of 6 or more (r2 = 5.74; p = 0.039). Subdivision analysis revealed, that only in females migration appeared to be affected by stem size irrespective of weight but not in men (female stem size of 6 or more vs. less (Difference = − 1.48 mm, R2 = 37.5; p = 0.001). Migration did not have an impact on clinical outcome measures.
The examined metaphyseal-anchored short femoral stem showed the highest subsidence within the first 3 months postoperative, the implant began to stabilize at about 24 months but continued to slowly migrate with average total subsidence of 2.04 mm at 5 years following the THA. The amount of stem subsidence was not associated with worse clinical outcomes such as HHS, patient satisfaction, or pain.