The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 3, 811 - 817

Midterm Outcomes and Frequency of Osteolysis of Total Hip Arthroplasty Using Cementless Modular Stem for Asian Patients

Sato, Atsuko et al.
Hip

Background

Modular stems are useful for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in anatomically difficult dysplasia. Here, we present mean 6.8-year outcomes of cementless primary THA using S-ROM-A (modified modular stem for Asian patients) femoral prosthesis in anatomically difficult cases.

Methods

Charts of 373 patients (461 hips) undergoing THA (mean age, 58 years) were reviewed for clinical evaluation of modified Merle d’Aubigné-Postel score and Kaplan-Meier survivorship with revision for any reason as the end point. For radiographic analysis, 331 patients (412 hips) followed up for ≥5 years were included. Bearing couples were metal-on-metal (n = 145), metal-on-polyethylene (n = 120), and ceramic-on-polyethylene (n = 147). Radiography and multiplanar computed tomography were performed.

Results

No postoperative dislocation or deep infection occurred. Mean modified Merle d’Aubigné-Postel score improved significantly (10.9 points preoperatively, 16.7 points at last follow-up; P < .001). Cumulative 5- and 10-year stem survival rates were 100% and 84%, respectively (95% confidence interval, 75%-93%). All stems were classified as bone ingrown fixation. Osteolysis occurred in metal-on-metal (42.8%) and metal-on-polyethylene (15.8%) groups. Mean time to osteolysis was ~3 years, with no significant difference between 3 groups (P = .264). In logistic regression, lower cup inclination angle was significantly associated with osteolysis (odds ratio, 0.914; 95% confidence interval, 0.84-0.99; P = .029).

Conclusion

S-ROM-A femoral prosthesis achieved excellent midterm fixation, and the modular system was useful in primary THA with severe deformity. Bearing couples are potentially associated with adverse reactions to metal debris. S-ROM-A with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing couples may be an option for anatomically difficult THA.

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