The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 1, 110 - 118

Mid-Term Results and Predictors of Patient-Reported Outcomes of Birmingham Hip Resurfacing

Oak, Sameer R. et al.


Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) is the only Food and Drug Administration approved resurfacing option currently available in the United States. While adequate BHR outcomes are established, there is a paucity of US-based literature demonstrating factors critical to improve patient reported outcomes (PROs). This study answers: (1) What is the implant survivorship in a large US cohort? (2) Which preoperative factors result in higher PRO scores over 5 years postoperatively?


A retrospective 541 hip single-surgeon cohort with mean of 6.2 years follow-up (range 5-8.1) was collected. Preoperative patient/implant variables, including postoperative radiographic acetabular inclination and femoral component position, clinical outcomes, and follow-up PRO questionnaire information were collected. Validated PROs included the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), Veterans Rand-12, and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) activity. PROs were modeled with ordinary least squares then used to create nomograms.


Average patient age was 53 years with 391 (72%) males. Seven hips were revised, resulting in an overall survival of 98.8% at 5 years. Predictive modeling identified preoperative variables (sex, body mass index, smoking, and comorbidity) that had statistically significant associations with HOOS pain (P = .049), HOOS activities of daily living (P = .017), UCLA activity (P < .001), and Veterans Rand-12 physical (P < .001) PROs at latest follow-up. Nomograms predicted follow-up PROs using preoperative patient-specific variables.


This study documents excellent survival of the largest reported single-center cohort of BHRs in the United States with a mean 6.2 years follow-up. Multivariate modeling shows male nonsmokers with low body mass index, and no comorbidities will have less hip pain, better function in daily life, higher activity, and better general physical health after BHR arthroplasty.

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