The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 2, 451 - 456

Lumbar Spine Fusion Patients See Similar Improvements in Physical Activity Level to Non-Spine Fusion Patients Following Total Hip Arthroplasty

Hinman, Adrian D. et al.
Hip

Background

The impact of prior lumbar spinal fusion on the change in physical activity level following total hip arthroplasty (THA) has not been thoroughly examined. Therefore, we sought to compare the change in physical activity level following THA for patients with and without a history of lumbar spine fusion.

Methods

Patients who underwent primary elective THA were identified using an integrated healthcare system’s Total Joint Replacement Registry (2010-2013). Prior lumbar spine fusion was identified using the healthcare system’s Spine Registry. Physical activity was self-reported by patients and measured in min/wk. Generalized linear models were used to evaluate the association between prior spine fusion and the change in physical activity from 1 year pre-THA to 1-2 years post-THA.

Results

Of 11,416 THAs, 90 (0.8%) had a history of lumbar spinal fusion. Patients with a prior lumbar fusion had a median physical activity level of 28 min/wk prior to THA compared to 45 min/wk in the patients with no history of lumbar spinal fusion. One year after THA, patients with a history of lumbar spinal fusion reported a median of 120 min/wk of physical activity compared to 150 min/wk for patients without a history of lumbar spinal fusion. The difference in physical activity level change between groups was not statistically significant (estimate = −23.1, 95% confidence interval −62.1 to 15.9, P = .246).

Conclusion

Patients with prior lumbar fusion were found to have lower self-reported physical activity levels than patients without spine fusion both before and after THA surgery. However, both groups saw the same degree of improvement in physical activity level following THA. These findings may help in counseling patients who have had a prior lumbar spine fusion and in setting appropriate expectations prior to THA.

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