The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 9, 2045 - 2050

Low Hospital Volume Increases Revision Rate and Mortality Following Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: An Analysis of 17,773 Cases

Jeschke, Elke et al.
Hip

Background

With the number of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), the amount of revision THA (R-THA) increases. R-THA is a complex procedure requiring special instruments, implants, and surgical skills. Therefore it is likely that hospitals performing a higher number of R-THAs have more experience with this type of surgery and therefore fewer complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between hospital volume and risk of postoperative complications following R-THA.

Methods

Using nationwide healthcare insurance data for inpatient hospital treatment, 17,773 aseptic R-THAs in 16,376 patients treated between January 2014 and December 2016 were included. Outcomes were 90-day mortality, 1-year revision procedures, and in-house adverse events. The effect of hospital volume on outcome was analyzed by means of multivariate logistic regression. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.

Results

Hospital volume had a significant effect on 90-day mortality (≤12 cases per year: OR 2.13, CI 1.53-2.96; 13-24: OR 1.79, CI 1.29-2.50; 25-52: OR 1.53, CI 1.11-2.10; ≥53: reference) and 1-year revision procedures (≤12: OR 1.26, CI 1.09-1.47; 13-24: OR 1.18, CI 1.02-1.37; 25-52: OR 1.03, CI 0.90-1.19; ≥53: reference). There was no significant effect on risk-adjusted major in-house adverse events.

Conclusion

We found evidence of higher risk for revision surgery and mortality in hospitals with fewer than 25 and 53 R-THA per year, respectively. To improve patient care, complex elective procedures like R-THA which require experience and a specific logistic background should be performed in specialized centers.

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