The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 4, 1054 - 1059

Low Hospital Volume Increases Re-Revision Rate Following Aseptic Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty: An Analysis of 23,644 Cases

Halder, Andreas M. et al.
Knee

Background

Along with rising numbers of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the number of revision total knee arthroplasties (R-TKAs) has been increasing. R-TKA is a complex procedure requiring special instruments, implants, and surgical skills. Therefore it is likely that hospitals with more R-TKAs have more experience with this type of surgery and therefore fewer complications. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between hospital volume and re-revision rate following R-TKA.

Methods

Using nationwide healthcare insurance data for inpatient hospital treatment, 23,644 aseptic R-TKAs in 21,573 patients treated between January 2013 and December 2017 were analyzed. Outcomes were 90-day mortality, 1-year re-revision rate, and in-house adverse events. The effect of hospital volumes on outcomes were analyzed by means of multivariate logistic regression. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated.

Results

Hospital volume had a significant effect on 1-year re-revision rate (≤12 R-TKA/a: OR 1.44, CI 1.20-1.72; 13-24 R-TKA/a: OR 1.43, CI 1.20-1.71; 25-52 R-TKA/a: OR 1.13, CI 0.94-1.35; ≥53 R-TKA/a: reference). Ninety-day mortality and major in-house adverse events decreased with increasing volume per year, but after risk adjustment this was not statistically significant.

Conclusion

We found evidence of higher risk for re-revision surgery in hospitals with fewer than 25 R-TKA per year. It might contribute to improved patient care if complex elective procedures like R-TKA which require experience and a specific logistic background were performed in specialized centers.

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