The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , S131 - S135

Low-Dose Aspirin Is Safe and Effective for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Following Total Knee Arthroplasty

Faour, Mhamad et al.
Knee

Background

Aspirin is an effective prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The optimal prophylactic aspirin dose has not been established. The study aims to compare 2 aspirin regimens with regard to the incidence of (1) symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT), (2) pulmonary embolism (PE), (3) bleeding, and (4) mortality within 90 days after TKA.

Methods

We retrospectively identified 5666 patients who received aspirin twice daily for 4 to 6 weeks after TKA. A total of 1327 patients received 81-mg BID and 4339 patients received 325-mg BID aspirin. Postoperative complications collected were VTEs (DVT and PE), bleeding (gastrointestinal or wound bleeding), and mortality.

Results

The incidence of VTE was 1.5% in the 325-mg group and 0.7% in the 81-mg group (P = .02). Symptomatic DVT was 1.4% in the 325-mg aspirin compared with 0.3% for the 81-mg aspirin (P = .0009). Regression model showed no correlation between aspirin dose and VTE incidence (odds ratio [OR] = 1.03; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.45-2.36; P = .94) or DVT (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.16-1.55; P = .20). The incidence of PE was 0.2% in the high-aspirin group compared with 0.4% in the low-aspirin group (P = .13). Bleeding was 0.2% in the 325-mg aspirin group and 0.2% in the 81-mg aspirin group (P = .62), and 90-day mortality was similar (0.1%) between the groups (P = .56).

Conclusion

Low-dose aspirin was not inferior to high-dose aspirin for the prevention of VTE after TKA. Low-dose aspirin can be considered a safe and effective agent in the prevention of VTE after TKA.


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