The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 4, 1042 - 1047

Long-Term Survival of the Cemented Exeter Universal Stem in Patients 50 Years and Younger: An Update on 130 Hips

Keeling, Parnell et al.
Hip

Background

There is variable evidence regarding survivorship beyond 20 years of total hip arthroplasties in young patients. We report the long-term results of the Exeter cemented hip system in patients ≤50 years at minimum of 20 years.

Methods

Clinical and radiological outcomes of 130 consecutive total hip arthroplasties in 107 patients aged 50 years or younger at primary operation were reviewed; 77% had a diagnosis other than osteoarthritis. All patients were followed at 5-year intervals, no patients were lost to follow-up, and the status of every implant is known.

Results

Mean age at surgery was 41.8 (17-50) years. Mean follow-up was 22.0 (20.0-26.1) years. There were 79 hips surviving, 14 hips (11 patients) deceased, and 37 hips revised. Reasons for revision: 29 hips for aseptic cup loosening (26 stems revised using cement-in-cement, three left in-situ); three stems for femoral osteolysis, two related to acetabular polyethylene wear (14.1 and 17.0 years), one with Gaucher’s disease (21.1 years); one broken stem (12.9 years); one cup for instability (4.3 years–stem revised using cement-in-cement); and two hips with infection (8.5 and 23.8 years). There were no cases of aseptic loosening of the Exeter stem. There were no radiologically loose stems although eight patients had radiological evidence of loosening of the cemented cup. Survivorship at 22 years was 74.9% for revision for all causes and 96.3% for revision of the stem for aseptic loosening or lysis.

Conclusion

The Exeter cemented stem has excellent survivorship at minimum 20 years in young patients. Acetabular component survivorship was less favorable, but the advent of highly cross-linked polyethylene may improve this in the long term.

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