The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 34 , Issue 3 , 465 - 468

Long-Term Results of Medial Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty for Knee Avascular Necrosis

Ollivier, Matthieu et al.
Knee

Background

Numerous series have documented short and mid-term successes with cemented, metal-backed modern unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for avascular osteonecrosis of the knee (AVN). However, data are lacking regarding long-term implant fixation and patient function. The aim of this study is therefore to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and implant survivorship of patients who underwent UKA for medial knee osteonecrosis (ON).

Methods

Twenty-nine consecutive UKAs performed by 2 senior surgeons (>50 UKAs a year) in 28 patients (19 women and 9 men with a mean age of 67 years) with medial unicompartmental AVN of the knee between 1989 and 2001 were retrospectively reviewed. AVN was diagnosed using X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging scan, and finally confirmed by postoperative sample analysis. The mean patient body mass index was 27 kg/m2. Etiologies were spontaneous/idiopathic AVN in 19 knees (66%) and secondary AVN in 10 knees (33%). The mean follow-up was 21 years (range 15-26).

Results

At 15 years, survivorship of the components free of revision for any cause was 92% (95% confidence interval 87-97). At latest follow-up, 26 years, survivorship of the components free of revision for any reason was 83% (95% confidence interval 74-95). No survivorship difference was found between the patients suffering from spontaneous or secondary ON of the knee (83% vs 90%, P = .6). At latest follow-up, the mean Knee Society Scoring system Knee was 89 points (range 68-100) and 83 (range 66-96) for Knee Society Scoring system Function.

Conclusion

In the longest series to date, medial UKA for treatment of AVN was associated with high survival rates and stable clinical improvement. UKA is a durable and efficient option to treat patients with unicompartmental ON of the knee.

Level of Evidence: IV.


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