The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , 2165 - 2172

Long-Term Outcomes After Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty With a 28-mm Head: A 17- to 23-Year Follow-Up Study of a Previous Report

Moon, Jun-Ki et al.
Hip

Background

Second-generation, metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (MoM THA) using a 28-mm head has shown favorable results compared with large head MoM THA. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcomes of cementless primary MoM THA with a 28-mm head and the incidence of osteolysis using computed tomography.

Methods

A total of 92 patients (53 men and 39 women) who underwent primary cementless MoM THA (114 hips) with a 28-mm head were enrolled in this study. Their mean age was 46.2 years at the time of surgery. The mean follow-up duration was 20 years. The Harris hip score, presence of thigh or groin pain, radiographic results, presence of peri-implant osteolysis, histologic analysis, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were evaluated.

Results

The mean preoperative Harris hip score of 50.5 improved to 85.1 at the final follow-up. Eight patients (8 hips) experienced groin pain, but none had thigh pain. Twelve revisions (6.2%) were performed including 10 hips for aseptic loosening with osteolysis and 2 hips for periprosthetic fracture around the stem. At 23 years, 91% of patients were free from revision of the acetabular component due to aseptic loosening and 90.1% were free from revision of both femoral and acetabular components due to any reason. Osteolysis was identified around the cup in 12 cases (10.5%) and around the stem in 7 cases (6.1%).

Conclusion

MoM THA with a 28-mm head showed a relatively low rate of aseptic implant loosening at a mean follow-up of 20 years.


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