The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 5, 882 - 886.e1

Local Infiltration Analgesia With Liposomal Bupivacaine Improves Early Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty: 24-Hour Data From the PILLAR Study

Dysart, Stanley H. et al.
Knee

Background

Enhanced postoperative care pathways have shifted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to outpatient and short-stay settings, placing greater emphasis on predischarge outcomes. In this study, we report prespecified secondary and tertiary end points of the PILLAR study within 24 hours after TKA in patients receiving local infiltration analgesia (LIA) with or without liposomal bupivacaine (LB).

Methods

Patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomized 1:1 to receive LIA with LB 266 mg/20 mL admixed with bupivacaine HCl 0.5% 20 mL (n = 70) or bupivacaine HCl alone (n = 69). End points (0-24 hours postsurgery) were proportion of opioid-free patients, opioid consumption, areas under the curve of visual analog scale pain intensity scores, patient satisfaction, discharge readiness, and ambulation. Safety was also assessed.

Results

Patients receiving LIA with LB were 16% less likely to require opioid rescue within 24 hours postsurgery (17.1% vs 1.4%; relative risk, 0.085; 95% confidence interval, 0.011-0.633). LIA with LB was associated with a 91% reduction in opioid consumption (P = .0009) and 19% reduction in pain intensity (P = .0142). Significantly more patients receiving LB were discharge ready (42.9% vs 27.5%; P = .0449) and satisfied with pain treatment (84.6% vs 69.2%; P = .0306). A numerically lower but not significantly different proportion achieved steady gait/no dizziness with LIA with LB (42.9% vs 52.2%). Adverse event incidence was similar between groups.

Conclusion

LIA with LB 266 mg plus bupivacaine HCl significantly reduced opioid requirements and pain intensity and significantly improved discharge readiness and satisfaction 0-24 hours after TKA compared with bupivacaine HCl alone. These findings support the use of LIA with LB for TKA when early discharge is the goal.

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