Ligament releases do not lead to increased postoperative varus-valgus laxity in flexion and extension: a prospective clinical study in 49 TKR patientsHeesterbeek, P.J.C., Keijsers, N.L.W. & Wymenga, A.B.
This prospective study investigated whether ligament releases necessary during total knee replacement (TKR) led to a higher varus-valgus laxity during intraoperative examination after implantation of the prosthesis and after 6 months. The laxity values of TKR patients were also compared to healthy controls. Varus-valgus laxity was assessed intra- and postoperatively in extension and 70° flexion in 49 patients undergoing TKR, implanted using a balanced gap technique. Knees were catalogued according to ligament releases performed during surgery. Postoperative varus-valgus laxity and laxity after 6 months had not increased following release of the posteromedial capsule, iliotibial tract, and the superficial medial collateral ligament. The obtained postoperative laxity compares well with a healthy equally aged control group. It can be concluded that the balanced gap technique results in stable knees and that releases can safely be performed to achieve neutral leg alignment without causing postoperative laxity.