Large head ceramic-on-ceramic bearing in primary total hip arthroplasty: average 3-year follow-up of a multicentre study. HIP International. 2020;30(6):711-717.

Large head ceramic-on-ceramic bearing in primary total hip arthroplasty: average 3-year follow-up of a multicentre study

Lavigne M, Vendittoli P-A, Virolainen P, et al.
Hip

Surgeons are increasingly using larger femoral head sizes in total hip arthroplasty (THA) to improve stability and reduce the rate of dislocation, 1 of the leading causes of revision surgery. Large ceramic head sizes up to 48 mm can now be used with monoblock acetabular components. National registries have shown promising results at short-term with large diameter ceramic-on-ceramic THA, with very low revision rates.

This study reports on the average 3-year follow up of a press-fit monoblock large diameter acetabular shell with a pre-assembled ceramic liner, with emphasis on the radiographic outcome, complications related to the implantation of the cup, and the patient’s clinical outcome.

170 hips in 169 patients were reviewed at an average 38 ± 5.8 months following surgery.

The radiographic review revealed no acetabular cup loosening, no osteolysis and no cup migration. 1 acetabular cup was revised for malposition. The patient clinical outcome and the satisfaction rate were excellent. At 3 years, 7.1% of patients complained of groin pain and 3.5% spontaneously reported hip joint generated noise. 1 patient sustained a non-recurrent traumatic hip dislocation 2 years post surgery.

New technology should be introduced cautiously on the market. This is especially true for the large diameter ceramic monoblock acetabular component used in this study since it involves a new acetabular component design. At short term, we have not identified new modes of failure with this implant. Longer follow-up is still needed to assess the safety of large ceramic bearing in THA.


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