BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:382

Is there a difference in joint line restoration in revision Total knee arthroplasty according to prosthesis type?

JuHong Lee, SungIl Wang and KiBum Kim
Knee

Background

The aim of this study is (1) to compare joint line (JL) restoration and clinical outcomes in revision TKA based on the contemporary prosthesis type and (2) to determine the restoration of posterior condylar offset (PCO) according to the use of a femoral offset stem.

Methods

Sixty knees that underwent revision TKA from April 2003 to December 2013 with a minimum of 1 year follow up were included. These were further subdivided into three groups according to prosthesis type: group I (2 mm offset), group II (4.5 mm offset), group III (2, 4, and 6 mm offset). The JL position change was defined as a change in the adductor tubercle distance, preoperatively versus postoperatively. We also collected the change of PCO in distal femur and clinical outcomes including range of motion (ROM) and knee scores at the preoperative and last follow-up periods.

Results

The JL elevation for group III was significantly lower than that of the other groups. Usage of the tibial and femoral offset stem in group III was more frequent than in the other groups. PCO in revision TKA with a femoral offset stem was significantly greater than in those with a femoral straight stem. The JL position in revision TKA with a femoral offset stem was less elevated than in those with a femoral straight stem.

Conclusions

More recent developed revision prosthesis with various sizes option of offset stem may be effective in restoring the native joint line as using the femoral offset stem more convenience in revision TKAs.


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