The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 5, 961 - 965

Is Range of Motion After Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty Influenced by Prosthesis Design? A Prospective Randomized Trial

Lützner, Jörg et al.
Knee

Improvement in knee flexion is a major expectation for many patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). One hundred and twenty two patients were randomized to receive a cruciate-retaining standard or high-flexion TKA. Range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes were assessed. The high flexion implants had a greater intraoperative ROM than standard implants. The mean flexion preoperatively, intraoperatively and at the one year follow-up was 107.4°, 123.0° and 108.9° in the standard group and 109.9°, 129.1° and 109.7° in the high-flexion TKA group. These differences were not significant preoperatively and at follow-up, but intraoperatively (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis preoperative knee flexion was the only significant factor influencing knee flexion at follow-up. No differences in the Knee Society Score or SF 36 were observed.


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