The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 5, 1222 - 1227

Is Mobile-Bearing Medial Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Appropriate for Asian Patients With the Risk of Bearing Dislocation?

Kang, Suk-Woong et al.
Knee

Background

Mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an attractive operation for medial unicompartmental knee arthritis, but unexpected bearing dislocation is a drawback. Bearing dislocation occurs more frequently in Asians, whose lifestyle involves deeper knee flexion than Westerners. This study investigated whether mobile-bearing medial UKA is appropriate for Asians by analyzing (1) the rate of bearing dislocation and (2) the results of patients with bearing dislocation.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 531 consecutive mobile-bearing medial UKA in the previous 15 years, including 22 patients with bearing dislocation who had at least 2 years of follow-up. The entire patient cohort was divided into 2 groups: the symmetrical bearing (187 knees) and the anatomic bearing (344 knees) groups. In the anatomic bearing group, patients who underwent surgery using the conventional phase III (283 knees) vs the Microplasty (61 knees) instrumentation systems were compared.

Results

The overall incidence of bearing dislocation was 4.1% (22/531). Patients with the symmetrical bearing displayed a relatively high dislocation rate of 9.6% (18/187), which significantly decreased to 1.1% (4/344) after changing to the anatomic bearing ( P < .001). In the anatomic bearing group, the dislocation rate with the conventional phase III system was 1.4% (4/283). There were no bearing dislocations in the Microplasty system group (0%, 0/61) after at least 2 years of follow-up.

Conclusion

Although mobile-bearing medial UKA was reported to have a high incidence of bearing dislocation in Asians, this frequency of dislocation is drastically decreased by bearing design and implantation system improvements. We consider mobile-bearing medial UKA appropriate for Asians.

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