The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 34 , Issue 2 , 235 - 241

Is Discharge Within a Day of Total Knee Arthroplasty Safe in the Octogenarian Population?

Bovonratwet, Patawut et al.
Knee

Background

Reduced hospital stay programs for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are being implemented in order to increase patient satisfaction and reduce healthcare costs. Although elderly patients are often included in these pathways, there have been limited data on whether older patients can safely be discharged within a day after TKA. The purpose of this study is to compare perioperative complications following primary TKA with ≤1 day in the hospital in patients aged ≥80 compared to <80 years old in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database.

Methods

Patients who underwent primary TKA with hospital length of stay ≤1 day were identified in the 2005-2016 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. These patients were separated into 2 age groups: <80 and ≥80 years old. Preoperative and procedural characteristics were compared. Multivariate regressions were used to compare risk for perioperative adverse events and readmission. Independent risk factors for serious adverse events following such TKAs were identified.

Results

In total, 17,191 (<80 year olds) and 1005 (≥80 year olds) cases were identified. Of these patients, 1750 cases were discharged the same day. Multivariate analysis revealed only higher risk for 30-day readmission and nonhome discharge in ≥80 compared to <80 year olds. Notably, the octogenarians had a significantly higher rate of nonsurgical site-related readmissions. Independent risk factors for serious adverse events include only American Society of Anesthesiologists score ≥3 and not patient age.

Conclusion

These data suggest that, although octogenarians can safely be discharged in ≤1 day, greater postdischarge care may be warranted to reduce the rate of nonsurgical site-related readmissions.


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