Is computerised 3D templating more accurate than 2D templating to predict size of components in primary total hip arthroplasty?Schiffner, E., Latz, D., Jungbluth, P., Grassmann, J. P., Tanner, S., Karbowski, A., Schneppendahl, J. (2019).
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of preoperative templating in total hip arthroplasty (THA) using conventional 2-dimensional (2D) and computed tomography (CT)-based 3-dimensional (3D) measures.
One hundred and sixteen consecutive primary THAs were analysed. The preoperative diagnosis was primary osteoarthritis in all cases. The 2D templating and the 3D templating were performed by two different residents. All templating results were available for the orthopaedic surgeon performing the procedure. Accuracies with regard to the predicted and actual implant sizes were determined for each procedure. Implantation of the size as planned was defined as “exact”, whereas the use of components within one size larger or smaller (±1) as planned were defined as “accurate.”
The 3D templating was significantly more accurate in predicting implant sizing compared to 2D templating for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The difference was statistically significant for the cup templating (‘‘exact’’ p = 0.02; ‘‘accurate’’ p = 0.01) and for the stem templating (‘‘exact’’ p = 0.04; ‘‘accurate’’ p = 0.01).
Our results support the superiority of 3D templating over 2D templating in predicting implant size.