The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 10, 2371 - 2375

Intraoperative Tibial Anteroposterior Axis Could Not Be Replicated After Tibial Osteotomy in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kawaguchi, Kohei et al.
Knee

Background

We evaluated the effect of the anteroposterior (AP) axis of the proximal tibia defined at the cutting surface using an image-free navigation system in total knee arthroplasty.

Methods

This prospective study included 68 patients (79 knees) who underwent total knee arthroplasty. The tibial AP axis was registered in the navigation system with reference to Akagi’s line, connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament to the medial border of the patellar tendon attachment at the tibial joint surface. After proximal tibial osteotomy, the AP axis was replicated as the AP(O) axis. We measured the difference between the AP axis defined at the joint surface and the AP(O) axis defined at the osteotomy surface.

Results

The AP(O) axis at the osteotomy surface internally rotated 2.0° to the AP axis at the joint surface, and the AP(O) axis outlier (difference to AP axis: >3°) occurred in 54% (43 knees). In the >3° malrotation group, internal malrotation occurred in 37% (30 knees) and external malrotation occurred in 17% (13 knees). In the outlier analysis, the left knees were significantly found in the internal outlier group.

Conclusion

The tibial AP axis, connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament to the medial border of the patellar tendon attachment defined at the tibial joint surface, could not be replicated at the tibial osteotomy surface. If the tibial components were set depending only on the AP axis defined at the osteotomy surface, the tibial components could internally rotate and have more outliers, especially in the left knees.

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