The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , S126 - S130

Intraoperative Comparison of Measured Resection and Gap Balancing Using a Force Sensor: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial

Cidambi, Krishna R. et al.
Knee

Background

For establishing femoral component position, gap-balancing (GB) and measured resection (MR) techniques were compared using a force sensor.

Methods

Ninety-one patients were randomized to undergo primary total knee arthroplasty using either MR (n = 43) or GB (n = 48) technique using a single total knee arthroplasty design. GB was performed with an instrumented tensioner. Force sensor data were obtained before the final implantation.

Results

GB resulted in greater range of femoral component rotation vs MR (1.5° ± 2.9° vs 3.1° ± 0.5°, P < .05) and posterior condylar cut thickness medially (10.2 ± 2.0 mm vs 9.0 ± 1.3 mm) and laterally (8.5 ± 1.9 mm vs 6.4 ± 1.0 mm). Force sensor data showed a decreased intercompartmental force difference at full flexion in GB (.8 ± 2.3 vs 2.0 ± 3.3u, 1u ≈ 15 N, P < .05).

Conclusion

GB resulted in a greater range of femoral component rotation and thicker posterior condylar cuts resulting in an increased flexion space relative to MR. Intercompartmental force difference trended toward a more uniform distribution between full extension and full flexion in the GB vs MR group.


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