The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, 1423 - 1429

Interprosthetic Femoral Sleeves in Revision Arthroplasty: A 20-Year Experience

Abdelaziz, Hussein et al.
Hip Knee

Background

Interprosthetic femoral fractures in patients with ipsilateral stemmed total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be technically demanding to treat surgically. Nonunion and implant failure are among the main complications following fixation of interprosthetic femoral (IF) fractures. Total femoral arthroplasty (TFA) is associated with a high incidence of infection and instability. IF sleeves have been designed to avoid the disadvantages of these techniques and to provide a stable construct. The aim of this study was to present the results with this device from a single center.

Methods

We reviewed 26 patients who underwent revision arthroplasty procedures, using custom-made cemented IF sleeves between 1997 and December 2017 in our institution. Two-part sleeves were used in 18 patients and one-part sleeves in 8 patients. The most common indication was an IF fracture (18 patients). Patients were monitored for postoperative complications, implant failure, and re-revision. The minimum follow-up of the survivors with nonrevised sleeves was 12 months.

Results

Twenty-three patients were included for the final analysis. The mean survivorship of the IF sleeve was 4.6 years at latest follow-up (mean 48.5 months; range 12 to 156). The overall rate of complications was 47.8%. The rate of mechanical failure was 21.7%. Late infections occurred in 3 patients (13%). At the latest follow-up, the mean Harris Hip Score was 69.9 points (range 39 to 94), and the mean functional Knee Society Score was 42.5 points (range 0 to 90), with average knee flexion of 95° (range 90° to 100°).

Conclusion

The IF sleeve is a valid technique for the management of selected patients with IF fractures, particularly when a stable fracture fixation is not possible. Hip instability is not a concern, and functional improvement is achievable. Careful planning is required preoperatively to avoid mechanical failure.

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