Internal fixation and revision arthroplasty for interprosthetic femoral fractures: a case series of fifty patientsFüchtmeier, B., Doblinger, M. & Müller, F.
The aim of this study was to assess patients treated for interprosthetic femoral fractures (IFFs).
Based on our database, we performed a retrospective single-center analysis of patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of IFFs. We evaluated patient demographics, fracture patterns, type of surgery, revision, and mortality for a minimum of one year after treatment. Outcomes were assessed via telephone using the Parker score.
Fifty consecutive patients were enrolled. An analysis of fracture patterns revealed three different types: proximal (n = 19), intermediate (n = 13), and distal (n = 18). Treatment included internal fixation for stable components and revision arthroplasty for loose implants; and a lateral locking plate was the most commonly applied device. The mean follow-up time of the total sample was 5.7 years after the operation. The total revision rate was 22%, and the highest revision rate was documented for revision arthroplasty. The one year mortality rate for the sample was 14%, and fracture patterns and treatment revealed no effects on mortality. Living patients (n = 23) were followed up for an average of 4.9 years after treatment. Only six patients reported the best Parker score (mean, 5.0; range 0–9).
IFFs can be divided into three groups irrespective of the type of stem or bone quality, but fixation (stable or loose) must also be considered to determine the treatment. Fracture patterns and treatment revealed no effects on mortality. There are many treatment options but no single solution for IFFs.