Axial torsional loads representative of gait and stair climbing conditions were applied to transverse sections of 8 uncemented postmortem retrievals and a high-resolution imaging system with digital image correlation was used to measure local micromotion along the bone-implant interface. For 7 components that were radiographically stable, there was limited micromotion for gait loading (1.42 ± 1.33 μm) that increased significantly (P = .0032) for stair climb loading (7.32 ± 9.96 μm). A radiographically loose component had motions on the order of 2.3 mm with gait loading. There was a strong inverse relationship between the amount of bone-implant contact (contact fraction) (P = .001) and micromotion. The uncemented components had greater contact fraction (41.8% ± 14.4% vs 11.5% ± 10.2%, P = .0033) and less median micromotion (0.81 ± 0.79 μm vs 28.8 ± 51.1 μm) compared to a previously reported study of cemented retrievals.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 2, 238 - 245.e1
Interface Micromotion of Uncemented Femoral Components from Postmortem Retrieved Total Hip ReplacementsMann, Kenneth A. et al.