The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 8, 2556 - 2562

Initial Stability of Cemented vs Cementless Tibial Components Under Cyclic Load

Crook, Paul D. et al.
Knee

Background

Cement fixation of total knee components remains the gold standard despite resurgence in cementless fixation with the goal of long-term durable fixation. Initial stability is paramount to achieve bony ingrowth of cementless components.

Methods

Twelve cemented and cementless tibial baseplates were implanted into sawbones and tested using a physiological medial-lateral load distribution for 10,000 cycles to represent 8 weeks of in vivo function. Micromotion was measured at 5 locations around the baseplate during loading.

Results

Cycling had a significant effect on the change in micromotion between maximum and minimum loads at the anterior, medial, lateral, posteromedial, and posterolateral tray edge locations. A significant effect of fixation technique was detected for the anterior (P < .001), medial (P = .002), and lateral (P = .0056) locations but not for the posteromedial (P = .36) or posterolateral (P = .82) locations. Differences in micromotion between cemented and cementless components did not exceed 150 μm at any tested location.

Conclusion

The micromotion experienced by cementless tibial components in the present study may indicate a lower initial mechanical stability than the cemented group. However, this difference in initial stability may be subclinical because the differences between average cemented and cementless micromotion were <150 μm at all measured locations under the loading regime implemented.


Download article