The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 5, 1307 - 1314

Influencing Factors for Joint Perception After Total Hip Arthroplasty: Asian Cohort Study

Shiomoto, Kyohei et al.
Hip

Background

Perceiving replaced joints as natural is one of the best scenario after total hip arthroplasty (THA). We investigated the distribution of and influencing factors for patient’s joint perception after THA in Asian cohort, which is not well known.

Methods

We mailed a questionnaire to Asian patients who had undergone THA in our institution between 2012 and 2016, and this study included 318 Asian patients. The questionnaire assessed patient’s joint perception, Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12) physical, mental, and role component summaries, and satisfaction score. Leg length discrepancy and global femoral offset before and after THA were measured using radiographs. The patients were divided into 2 groups with patient’s joint perception: natural and artificial perception groups. OHS, SF-12, satisfaction, leg length discrepancy, and global femoral offset were compared between natural and artificial perception groups, and which factors significantly influenced joint perception were determined.

Results

Of the 318 patients, 165 patients (51.8%) perceived their replaced joint as a natural joint. OHS, SF-12 physical and role component summaries, and satisfaction score in natural perception group were significantly higher than those in artificial perception group, without significant difference in SF-12 mental component summary. Multivariate analysis showed that less of usual pain, easier to get in or out of a car, and osteoarthritis in the contralateral hip were positively associated with natural joint perception after THA.

Conclusion

This study indicated to surgeons that pain relief and improvement in getting in or out of a car after THA could lead to even better patient’s joint perception.

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