The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 5, 912 - 919
Increased Persistent Mid-Thigh Pain After Short-Stem Compared With Wedge-Shaped Straight-Stem Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty at Medium-Term Follow-Up: A Randomized Double-Blinded Cross-Sectional StudyGielis, Willem Paul et al.
Femoral prosthesis design may impact the frequency of mid-thigh pain. We compared current, incidental, and persistent mid-thigh pain between the short-stem, Collum Femoris femur prosthesis, and the wedge shaped straight-stem, Zweymüller femur prosthesis and studied the associations between demographics, radiographic measurements, and mid-thigh pain.
We contacted patients from a randomized controlled trial who underwent uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) for hip osteoarthritis at a mean follow-up of 44 months (range 24-64 months). Patients were specifically assessed for current (during assessment), incidental (any time postoperatively for >1 week) mid-thigh pain, and persistent (any time postoperatively for >2 years) mid-thigh pain. Furthermore, we used regression analysis to study associations between demographics, radiographic measurements, and mid-thigh pain.
One hundred forty of 150 patients (93%) responded to our assessment. Mean age at the time of operation was 62 years (±7.0). Current mid-thigh pain occurred in 16 patients (23%) in the Collum Femoris Preserving (CFP) group compared with 10 patients (14%) in the Zweymüller group ( P = .192). Incidental mid-thigh pain occurred in 24 patients (34%) in the CFP group compared with 15 patients (21%) in the Zweymüller group ( P = .090). Persistent mid-thigh pain was found in 13 patients (19%) in the CFP group compared with five patients (7%) in the Zweymüller group ( P = .043). Varus malalignment (odds ratio 1.819 [95% confidence interval 1.034-3.200]) and leg lengthening (odds ratio 1.107 per cm lengthening [95% confidence interval 1.026-1.195]) showed significant associations with mid-thigh pain.
We found more persistent mid-thigh pain after short-stem uncemented THA compared to wedge-shaped straight-stem uncemented THA during medium-term follow-up. Varus malalignment and leg lengthening were associated with mid-thigh pain.