The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 9, 1677 - 1680

Incidence of Bacterial Contamination in Primary THA and Combined Hardware Removal

Klatte, Till O. et al.

Prior fracture surgery in the setting of subsequent arthroplasty may confer an increased risk of infection. The current authors retrospectively reviewed 122 patients from 2006 to 2010. Joint aspirations performed preoperatively in two of 52 patients revealed bacterial growth. Preoperative CRP levels were elevated in 22.8% with a mean value of 10.4 mg/L (range 5.5 to 33.3). Intra-operative cultures were performed in 109 patients, with a single patient sample exhibiting bacterial growth (0.9%). Preoperative aspiration showed a sensitivity of 1.0 and specificity of 0.98 (P < 0.039) for bacterial contamination. There was no postoperative periprosthetic infection noted. In conclusion the retrieval of internal fixation devices and total hip arthroplasty can be performed safely as a single stage procedure without significantly increasing the risk of periprosthetic infection.

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