The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 4, 1206 - 1210

Incidence of Adverse Reactions to Metal Debris From 28-mm Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasties With Minimum 10 Years of Follow-Up: Clinical, Laboratory, and Ultrasound Assessment of 44 Cases

Ayoub, Béchir et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty with metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings has been suspected to cause adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD), with the incidence varying greatly by implant type and patient gender. The prevalence of ARMD from small-diameter MoM bearings in women is unknown, especially after 10 years of follow-up (FU).

Methods

Cementless 28-mm MoM total hip arthroplasty bearings (Metasul) were implanted consecutively in 42 active women between 1996 and 2002. They were reviewed after a minimum of 10 years’ FU with clinical, laboratory, radiological, and ultrasound assessments.

Results

Mean FU was 15.9 years (range, 13-18). The mean Postel-Merle d’Aubigné and Oxford scores were 16.9 (range, 13-18) and 15.1 (range, 12-24), respectively, at FU. Mean cup inclination angle was 46.3° (range, 35°-57°). No femoral osteolysis was detected, but limited acetabular osteolysis (11%) over the screw holes occurred in 5 cases. No liquid or solid synovial reactions or ARMD were apparent on ultrasound, even in the 5 cases of pelvic osteolysis. Mean chromium levels were 1.32 μg/L (range, 0.1-7.9) and cobalt levels were 1.85 μg/L (range, 0.35-13.6). Cobalt was >3 μg/L in only 3 cases. The 15.9-year survivorship was 95% (range, 94.1%-98.9%).

Conclusion

Reliable results were obtained with 28-mm MoM bearings, notably in young, active patients. This implant configuration requires very accurate positioning. No ARMD was seen in this group at 16 years’ FU.


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