The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, 1400 - 1411

Incidence, Classification, and Risk Factors for Intraoperative Periprosthetic Femoral Fractures in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty With a Single Stem: A Retrospective Study

Liu, Bo et al.
Hip

Background

The collum femoris preserving (CFP) stem was a specially designed femoral neck preserving component. The incidence, classification, and risk factors for intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures with this special stem remain unclear.

Methods

This was a retrospective study. We analyzed the clinical and radiological data of all patients who underwent primary hip arthroplasty with a CFP stem in our hospital between January 2006 and November 2018. Demographic characteristics and radiological features were obtained from the medical records and the Picture Archiving and Communication System, respectively. The incidence, Vancouver classification, and risk factors for intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures were identified.

Results

A total of 1633 hips were included. The incidence rate of periprosthetic femoral fractures in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty with a CFP stem was 3.2%. According to the Vancouver classification, there were 24 patients (45.3%) with Vancouver type A fractures, 27 patients (50.9%) with Vancouver type B fractures, and 2 patients (3.8%) with Vancouver type C fractures. Five independent risk (protective) factors were found, including surgical history (odds ratio [OR] = 3.275, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.192-8.997), neck-shaft angle (OR = 1.104, 95% CI = 1.058-1.152), neck length preserved (OR = 0.913, 95% CI = 0.850-0.980), canal flare index (OR = 0.636, 95% CI = 0.413-0.980), and bone mineral density (OR = 0.083, 95% CI = 0.016-0.417).

Conclusion

The detailed characteristics of intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures in patients who received a CFP stem were identified in this study. Cracks of the femoral neck and fractures on the front side of the proximal femur were more common in patients with CFP stems. As a kind of a femoral neck preserving stem, the anatomical features (eg, neck-shaft angle, preserving length) of the remaining femoral neck might influence the incidence and characteristics of intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures in patients with CFP stems.

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