Incidence and demographics of 1751 surgically treated periprosthetic femoral fractures around a primary hip prosthesisChatziagorou, G., Lindahl, H., Garellick, G., & Kärrholm, J. (2019).
Periprosthetic femoral fractures (PPFF), treated surgically, have been recorded in the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) since 1979. It is postulated that fractures treated with other methods other than stem revision have a lower registration rate, which may lead to incomplete registry data and thus, inaccurate information. We collected all PPFFs surgically treated in Sweden between 2001 and 2011 with the purpose of studying the annual incidence, demographics and distribution of fracture types with regard to type of fixation.
Data was linked between the SHAR and the National Patient Register (NPR) in order to detect even those PPFFs not reported to the SHAR. Fractures were classified according to the Vancouver classification system, based on information collected from the medical charts. This procedure was validated with observer variation analysis compared to fracture classification based on radiographs. In total 1751 first-time PPFFs around primary conventional stems were included.
The incidence of PPFF increased from about 1.0 per 1000 primary THRs to 1.4. Vancouver type C fractures (37% of all fractures) were more common than previously reported, and more common in cemented than in uncemented stems. The 3 most common stem designs involved were Exeter polished, Lubinus SPII, and Charnley (66.3% of all stems), partly reflecting their occurrence in the Swedish THR population.
The incidence of PPFFs has increased in Sweden during the period 2001 to 2011. The improved reporting of type C fractures, after data-linking, revealed an almost 4 times higher incidence compared to previous register studies in Sweden.