The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 17, Issue: 1, Page: 33-37

In vivo weight-bearing kinematics with medial rotation knee arthroplasty

Moonot, Pradeep; Shang, Mu; Railton, Gilbert T; Field, Richard E; Banks, Scott A
Knee

Knee arthroplasties are designed to accommodate flexion, axial rotation and anteroposterior (AP) translation. Axial rotation during extension varies, with some rotating platform devices allowing unrestricted rotation while some conforming fixed-bearing designs almost none. The purpose of this study was to examine in vivo kinematics of a fixed-bearing medial rotation-type arthroplasty (MRK) during weight-bearing activities. Fifteen knees with a medial pivot TKA design were studied during step and pivot activities using lateral fluoroscopy and model-image registration. Average knee kinematics during the step activity showed little AP translation or rotation from 0°–100° flexion. During the pivot activity, the mean tibial internal rotation in individual knees was 7° (3°–19°). Mean condylar translations for individual knees were 3 mm medially and 5 mm laterally. The medial pivot prosthesis design provides anteroposterior stability during demanding activities, and exhibits a medial pivot motion pattern when subjected to twisting.


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