In Vivo Response of Bone Defects Filled with Pmma in an Ovine ModelMcmahon S, Hawdon G, Baré J, Yu Y, Bertollo N, Walsh WR.
The use of PMMA cement is common in arthroplasty for cemented fixation and defect filling. Concerns remain regarding effects of cement curing temperature on the viability of cancellous bone. In this study we filled surgically-created defects (mean volume 0.585±0.251mL) in the cancellous bone of the distal femur and proximal tibia of 6 sheep with PMMA and measured temperature changes in surrounding bone whilst the cement cured, using 3 thermocouples per defect. Animals were euthanised at 3 (n=3) and 12 (n=3) weeks postoperatively and the bone-cement interface assessed histologically. Despite mean maximum temperatures of 49.3±10.2°C (range: 40.9°C – 82.2°C) thermonecrosis was not a common histological feature at either timepoint. The exposure of bone to high cement temperatures in this study has not led to bone necrosis and/or tissue damage.