The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 13, Issue: 4, Page: 312-317

In vivo measurement of volumetric wear of a total knee replacement

H. S. Gill; J. C. Waite; A. Short; C. F. Kellett; A. J. Price; D. W. Murray
A new Roentgen Stereophotogrammetric Analysis (RSA) system is reported; it can measure penetration of the metallic femoral component of a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) prosthesis into the polyethylene bearing on the tibial component. This system was used to analyse a study group of six Anatomic Graduated Components (AGC) knee prostheses more than 6 years post-implantation, and to compare with a control group of six newly implanted AGC prostheses. The volumetric loss of polyethylene was estimated by imaging each prosthesis at a series of different knee flexion angles. The mean difference between the RSA measured polyethylene bearing thickness and the manufacturer’s quoted values for the control group was − 0.03 mm (SD 0.17).
The estimated linear penetration at 6.4 years in this prosthesis was determined to be 0.1 mm/year. Volumetric wear was estimated to be 600–700 mm 3/year at 6.4 years, equating to ∼ 100 mm 3/year. This does not appear to be clinically significant amount of wear as this prosthesis has excellent survival at 10 years.

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